Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition that increases the infertility rate in women. The most queried question is ‘How to get pregnant with PCOS?’ One must know the depth of the problem if they are to seek the solution for it – and we’re going to talk about everything in this article and hopefully help you a lot when it comes to getting pregnant naturally even if you have been diagnosed with a polycystic ovarian syndrome.
What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?
The eggs in women are formed in the sac-like structures called ovaries. During each menstrual cycle, the eggs will be released by the ovaries. This process is called ovulation. This occurs once the egg is matured.
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) will hinder with the release of the egg. In women with PCOS, the ovaries produce the male hormone androgen in level higher than normal. This will affect the release of the egg from the ovaries.
Also, water filled cysts are formed around the ovaries. This will further affect the release of the egg. Altogether the chances of pregnancy will be lowered in women with PCOS. But still you can deliver a healthy baby if you are aware of the treatments available for PCOS and if you manage to get pregnant. Which, again, is possible!
What is the Causes for PCOS?
There are several factors and they are listed out here.
– Heredity – In most cases it is passed on from the family through the genes.
– Insulin Levels – The insulin levels are found to be very high in women with PCOS. The elevated levels of insulin will produce the male hormone androgen that will affect the ovulation process.
– Obesity – Obese and overweight women are more prone to PCOS. So weight is an important factor.
How To Get Pregnant with PCOS?
There is no cure for PCOS, but it can be kept under control. Keeping it under control will help you to conceive.
First, you should always visit your GP to know your body’s condition. Depending on the medical examination, your GP will suggest you the treatment. They may suggest you visit a specialist like Gynecologist or Endocrinologist for further treatment.
Usually, blood test and ultrasound will be needed. The blood test will go through the blood sugar levels and also the hormonal levels. It will indicate if you have any hormonal imbalance. The ultrasound will help to find out the presence and extent of cysts present in the ovary.
The fertility medications are usually the choice to increase the pregnancy rate. The following medicines will help you get pregnant with PCOS – but don’t take any of these on your own, only do so after getting approval from a health professional.
This is basically a medicine to regulate insulin level in the body. Though they are not approved by FDA for fertility treatment it is found to increase the fertility rate.
This medicine is given to induce the ovulation in women. This has been in use for a long time as a treatment for infertility. They are found to be effective. But they have side effects like multiple pregnancy, high blood pressure and preeclampsia.
These hormone shots are given to increase the ovulation possibility in women. But the multiple pregnancy rates are higher than with Clomiphene.
The Letrozole is found to be the most effective treatment for pregnancy with PCOS. It halts the production of estrogen and increases the production of Follicle Stimulation Hormones (FSH) responsible for ovulation.
This is for women who didn’t find the above medications effective. The part of ovary is removed to decrease the production of androgen. This has more pregnancy rate success results. 60% of women undergoing this treatment get pregnant.
If the above medicines and method don’t work you can go for In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). This is a costly method but still it is popular for its fruitful results. But you must meet your GP first to select the appropriate treatment for you.